J. Pharm. The hydroethanolic root extracts of R. tuberosa L. biological and pharmacological activities on the kidney of diabetic Wistar rats have not been previously reported. The one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Tukey’s post hoc test was used for the analysis of data. To conclude, these results emphasize potentially health valuable properties of hydroethanolic root extracts of R. tuberosa L. in rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes. 1.07 ± 0.21a Chen C.C. (2009). Council, Islamabad 1971-1991. Results Ruellia is a genus of flowering plants commonly known as Ruellias or Wild Petunias which belongs to the family Acanthaceae.It contains about 250 genera and 2500 species. This study aims at emphasizing the greatest importance of investigation of those species that have not been subject of pharmacological study, although their popular uses have already been reported. Browse 187 ruellia brittoniana stock photos and images available, or start a new search to explore more stock photos and images. I think .. has ID'd the plant on 'Flowers of India' as well. The relative amount of linoleic FA in the dry extract was smaller, and the linolenic FA was greater than in the seeds and pulp of the fruit. Council, Islamabad 1971-1991. 40.93 Butterflies loves the flower. The ethanol extract of Ruellia tuberosa L. (Acanthaceae) was evaluated for its antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory properties in experimental mice and/or rat models. The present review highlights some key features of some important genus of this Akthar M.F. From the above results, it is concluded that methanol extract of Ruellia tuberosa linn leaves possesses significant antidiabetic, antihyperlipidaemic and hepatoprotective effects in alloxan induced diabetic rats. This entry was posted in Uncategorized and tagged easy to propagate, invasive, Mexican petunia, pink, purple, Ruellia brittoniana, Ruellia simplex, tubular flowers, white. (2007). Place Ruellia in an area of the landscape that receives full to partial shade. Some of these, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Some of them are used as traditional medicinal plantsas anti-gonorrhea, anti-asthma, anti-fever and anti bronchitis. Pronounciation: Ru-EL-lee-a brit-toe-nee-A-na. The wild form has purple flowers, and is native to Mexico, Western South America and the Antilles. Their structures were assigned on the bases of spectral evidence. Scientific: Ruellia brittoniana (synonym R. malacosperma) Common: purple ruellia Family: Acanthaceae Origin: Mexico Pronounciation: Ru-EL-lee-a brit-toe-nee-A-na Hardiness zones Sunset 12-24 USDA 8 (freeze damage), 9-11. : Flora of West Pakistan. fatty acids. Pharmaceutical Press, Stockholm 2004. In herbal medicine, this plant has been widely used as an antidiuretic, antidiabetic, analgesic, and antihypertensive [14. 228 (2013). Since MDA levels are elevated in numerous diseases with an excess of oxygen-free radicals, MDA has been associated with free radical damages [9, 10]. The compound demonstrated DPPH free radical scavenging activity with IC50 of 28.79 µg/ml, and XOD inhibitory with IC50 of 0.67 µg/mL. Foliage: The foliage is linear, lance-shaped and dark green with prominent purple venation. ... Ruellia tuberosa L. is one of the medicinal plants that is widely distributed in tropical countries, i.e., Indonesia. Borne solitary or in clusters at the tips of purplish stems, they rise above the foliage of lance-shaped, glossy green leaves. The results of both methods revealed that R. tuberosa possesses potent antioxidant activity. The widely adaptable Ruellia brittoniana, also known as Mexican petunia, Mexican barrio, Mexican bluebell and most commonly wild petunia, has an equally spreading habitat of about 3 feet with low drooping branches and linear serrated leaves of a variegated purple hue. After treatment was applied, the value of TNF alpha expression and MDA levels on the kidney decreased considerably in groups 3, 4, and 5. Hsieh C.-Y. 1 In the diabetic state, hyperglycemia was suspected to generate inflammation, oxidative stress, apoptosis, and kidney fibrosis. Lindau (Acanthaceae), Estrogenic and cholinergic properties of the methanol extract of Ruellia praetermissa Sceinf. This 18- to 30-inch-tall plant has light green leaves that are medium in texture. Hugh O’Neill, to 37 by Tucker and Talbert in 2013, to 55 species by Tucker and Janick in 2016, and to 57 species in Tucker and Janick (2018, Chap. Wildlife, Waterside, Ground Cover, Cottage/Informal, Containers, Beds and borders, Banks and Slopes. Ruellias are popular ornamental plants. One study conducted antioxidant analysis of Ruellia tuberosa stem extracts using the DPPH method, which showed potent antioxidant activity, ... One study conducted antioxidant analysis of Ruellia tuberosa stem extracts using the DPPH method, which showed potent antioxidant activity [7]. 873-KEP-UB). : Braz. Increasing or decreasing percentage The treatments induced repairment in the glomerular and renal tubular damages in the kidney tissues. The plant grows somewhat tall, to about 20 inches, though individual plants don’t spread wide. Significant increases in the value of TNF alpha expression and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were observed in streptozotocin-induced diabetes rats. Results: In this study, a A thesis submitted to the School of Graduate Studies of the Addis Ababa University in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the Degree of Master of. Synonym(s) - Ruellia picta Lodd. Rats were euthanized, and the kidney was removed from every rat, weighed, and washed with ice-cold normal saline. ex. click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Ruellia thumbnails at the Plants Gallery Clarence A. Rechenthin. These three extracts were then tested for phytochemicals and thin layer chromatography (TLC) analysis. in height … Continue reading "Mexican petunia" Conclusion: Methods: Isolation of antioxidant and XOD inhibitor were conducted using chromatography techniques. Plant extracts of genus Ruellia have anti-hypertensive, antinociceptive, analgesic, antispasmolytic, antioxidant, antiulcer, antidiabetic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory properties.20 Ruellia brittoniana … Shazam for plants. Some of these are used as medicinal plants. 1(4), The differences at were considered statistically significant. In this work, we report the effects of the hydroethanolic root extracts of R. tuberosa L, on the histopathology profiles, MDA concentrations, and TNF alpha expression of the kidney. Other, unidentified quaternary methylammonium compounds were detected in the subfamilies Thunbergioideae, Mendoncioideae and Nelsonioideae. These medicinal plants are that have antihypertensive properties contain the most flavonoids. The aim of this study was to isolate antioxidant and XOD inhibitor from the leaves of the plants. The color changes on the samples after adding of TBA reagent were measured using a UV-Vis spectrophotometer (Shimadzu UV-visible spectrophotometer UV-1601) at the 530 nm wavelength. Established plants should be … Footer Yes! 2860 (2012). Acanthaceae is a large family of dicotyledonous flowering plants including about 4300 species and 346 genera all over the world. Biol. 2.41 ± 0.11c Ber. 1-190. Besides, in DN, protein leak into the urine is a result of glomerular damages that linked to raised levels of creatinine and blood urea [7]. In contrast, the highest dose at a dose of 500 mg/kg body weight had MDA levels decreased by 30.15%, which was the lowest decrease among the treatments. PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND ANTIOXIDANT PROPERTIES BY DPPH RADICAL SCAVENGER ACTIVITY OF RUELLIA BRITTONIANA FLOWER, MOJ Biology and Medicine Ethnobotany and Medicinal Uses of Folklore Medicinal Plants Belonging to Family Acanthaceae: An Updated Review, Overview of the Phytochemicals of Medicinal Plants to Lower Blood Pressure, Ruellia tuberosa L. Extract Improves Histopathology and Lowers Malondialdehyde Levels and TNF Alpha Expression in the Kidney of Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats, Ethnobotany and medicinal uses of folklore medicinal plants belonging to family acanthaceae: An updated review, EFFECT OF MODIFICATION OF THE EXTRACTION TECHNIQUE OF THE SUBSTANCE IN A SOXHLET FOR CONTENT OF FATTY ACIDS, Coleção Botânica da Uniredentor Curso de Ciências Biológicas, Antioxidant Activity and Isolation of Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitor from Ruellia tuberosa L. Leaves, Phytomorph Identification in the Voynich Codex, Survey of medicinal plants used in the region Northeast of Brazil, Bioactive flavonoids from Ruellia tuberosa, Phenylethanoid and flavone glycosides from Ruellia tuberosa L, Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory properties of Ruellia tuberosa, Ethnomedicines used in Trinidad and Tobago for urinary problems and diabetes mellitus, Antioxidant potential fractionation from methanol extract of aerial parts of Ruellia prostrata Poir. The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. Syrup is used for whooping cough. Ruellia brittoniana -- Mexican Bluebell Page 3 October 1999 Use and Management Mexican Bluebell may be used as ground covers and in perennial borders. 10. Five flavonoids cirsimaritin (1), cirsimarin (2), cirsiliol 4′-glucoside (3), sorbifolin (4), and pedalitin (5) along with betulin, vanillic acid, and indole-3-carboxaldehyde were isolated from the EtOAc extracts of Ruellia tuberosa. The kidneys’ rats from all groups (1 to 5) were cut into small pieces and crushed. The antioxidant activity of Ruellia tuberosa L. (Acanthaceae) was investigated by the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical-scavenging assay and the hydrogen peroxide-induced luminol chemiluminescence assay. Malondialdehyde (MDA) is a compound consisting of three carbons that resulted from polyunsaturated fatty acids peroxidation, i.e., arachidonic acid. Uses in landscape design: Use in landscape design as borders, containers and at watersides. The present chapter more than triples the number of plants identified in the Voynich Codex, from 4 species identified in 1944 by Rev. In brief, 20 male Wistar rats (body weights 120–180 g) were acquired from the Biosains Institute, Brawijaya University. 4, 145 (2013). Studies of the Addis Ababa University in partial It induced an increase (0.03 +/- 0.002 to 0.34 +/- 0.001 g) of the uterine weight comparable to that produced by using 3 microM estradiol (0.03 +/- 0.001 to 0.35 +/- 0.005 g). The plants used for hypertension, jaundice and diabetes that may be safe and justify more formal evaluation are Annona squamosa, Aloe vera, Apium graveolens, Bidens alba, Carica papaya, Catharanthus roseus, Cecropia peltata, Citrus paradisi, Hibsicus sabdariffa, Momordica charantia, Morus alba, Persea americana, Phyllanthus urinaria, Tamarindus indicus and Tournefortia hirsutissima. Biol. Some other important plants belong to this family are used to treat skin diseases, Pharm. 2, 1015 (2011). Preparations of animal models and all treatments applied were the same as in our previous studies [19]. These effects included decreasing blood glucose concentrations, lowering levels of MDA, and showing improvements on the kidney histopathological profiles [16, 17]. Ruellia x brittoniana . Clear filters. Ruellia brittoniana (Acantha ceae) is herbaceous ornamenta l perennial plant, used f or variety of purpose in traditional medicine. Luteolin and apigenin and iridoid glucosides (taxiphilin and 8-epi-deoyganic acid) might be responsible at least in part for the observed effect. The extracts produced concentration-related contractions both in amplitude and tone up till 750 microg/ml with IC(50) of 360 microg/ml (methanol extract), 425 microg/ml (ethylacetate extract) and 540 microg/ml (aqueous extract). Edward F. Gilman 2. There are Lindau (Acanthaceae) in female rats, The rainforest of Southeast Asia, particularly Malaysia, is endowed with several medicinal plants species, GENUS RUELLIA: PHARMACOLOGICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL IMPORTANCE IN ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY. The Mexican petunia (Ruellia rudiflora) is a lovely addition to the garden but has a tendency to take over once it becomes established. Åêñòðàêòè Citrullus colocynthis ïðîÿâëÿþòü àíòèáàêòåð³àëüíó òà ôóíã³öèäíó àêòèâí³ñòü, ... As raízes, como anti-helmínticas. 2. There was also an increase in body weight (1-9 and 1-17) followed by a slight decrease (154 +/- 15.5 to 125 +/- 10) in the body weight at term. A total of 20 iridoids are now reported from the family; most have been isolated in the present work. The supernatant was incubated at a water bath at 100°C for 30 min and cooled at room temperature. Ruellia brevifolia is an interesting, delicate looking plant. Department of Plant Sciences. Conclusions. Sci. There is increasing interest about the indigenous medicinal plants for correct identification, taxonomy and medicinal properties. Freitas P.F.D., Barbosa-Filho J.M. Most of these are shrubs, or twining vines; some are epiphytes. Ruellia tweediana (Mexican petunia) will reach a height of 0.9m and a spread of 0.9m after 2-5 years.. Scientific: Ruellia brittoniana (synonym R. malacosperma) Common: purple ruellia Family: Acanthaceae Origin: Mexico. Objective: The genus Ruellia has been widely used in traditional and Ayurvedic medicine as an antioxidant. Bookmark the permalink . importance attracted the researchers to explore the various aspects of this family. Furthermore, the best antioxidant activity resulted from the ethyl acetate extract of the Ruellia brittoniana flower with an IC50 value of 68.42 ppm. Lindau G.: Acanthaceae. Some are used as medicinal plants, but many are known or suspected to be poisonous. Plants 4, 191 1). Rajan M., Kumar P.V.K., Kumar S., Swathi Wagner H, Danninger H, Iyengar MA, Subramanian SS, Nair AGR et.al. Ethnobotanical and Ethnopharmaceutical Studies on Medicinal Plants of Chifra district, Afar region, North Eastern Ethiopia. The supernatants were collected and diluted with distilled water and TCA and then homogenized with vortex. Syst. An excellent shrub for the container. Ruellia brittoniana is used for variety of purposes in traditional medicines. It's the scientific name of a flowering plant that is widely cultivated in America and it is also widely used for ornamental and medicinal purposes. Fertilizing Instructions. It was introduced to Florida in the 1940s. Very showy, they are attractive to butterflies, bees and other pollinators. A perennial, the Mexican petunia grows to 3 feet in height and bears light purple flowers. (2005). Provided by USDA NRCS East Texas PMC (ETPMC). Besides the name there are a lot of difference. of the isolated compound was elucidated by spectroscopic methods. The plants used for kidney problems are Theobroma cacao, Chamaesyce hirta, Flemingia strobilifera, Peperomia rotundifolia, Petiveria alliacea, Nopalea cochinellifera, Apium graveolens, Cynodon dactylon, Eleusine indica, Gomphrena globosa, Pityrogramma calomelanos and Vetiveria zizanioides. In the hot-plate test, the group that received a dose of 300 mg/kg showed maximum time needed for the response against thermal stimuli (5.11 ± 0.12), which was similar to that of diclofenac sodium (5.96 ± 0.18), a well-known painkiller. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Most are tropical shrubs, herbs ... Members of the Acanthaceae family like Hygrophila spinosa, Andrographis paniculata, Barleria prionitis and Adhatoda vasica are used traditionally as antipyretic, anti-asthmatic, antiviral and in respiratory diseases [19]. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the anti diabetic potential of methanolic extract of Ruellia tuberosa linn leaves in normal and alloxan induced diabetic rats. January 26, 1986. Results are written as mean ± SEM. In pharmacological investigation, extracts of Ruellia brittoniana were used for cardiovascular screening. (2003). Ruellia is a genus of flowering plants commonly known as Ruellias or Wild Petunias which belongs to the family Acanthaceae. plants of Kerala forests. Nambiar V.P.K., Sasidharan N., Renuka C., Shohidul A.M., Mokaddez S. et al. Rep. No. Oct 6, 2016 - Now you can instantly identify just about any flower or plant using Garden Answers, the intelligent plant identification mobile app available for IOS and Android devices. Having flowering season from April to November. Many species of the genus has antinociceptive, antioxidant, analgesic, antispasmolytic, antiulcer, antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory properties. 3. (2002). 2.4. Their leaves are food for the caterpillars of several Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths), typically Nymphalinae and in particular members of their tribe Junoniini, such as the larvae of the banded peacock (Anartia fatima). ... Ðîñëèííó ñèðîâèíó çàñòîñîâóþòü ÿê ïðîòèä³àáåòè÷íèé, ïîñëàáëþþ÷èé, ³íñåêòèöèäíèé çàñ³á, ÿê àíòèäîò ïðè óêóñàõ çì³é, â òåðàﳿ åäåìè, áàêòåð³àëüíî¿ ³íôåêö³¿, ðàêó [6,8]. The higher the damages caused by oxidative stress, the higher the levels of MDA. 960 (1990). • No reported folkloric medicinal use in the Philippines. 31, 121 (1993). The Mexican petunia (Ruellia brittoniana) is a beautiful addition to a flowering backyard retreat.As a hardy perennial (you only need to plant them once), the Mexican petunia is one of several desert plants that are recommended for warm, dry climates. Tetramethylputrescine was isolated from the roots and aerial parts of Ruellia rosea. Antihypertensive. 5 out of 5 stars (2,700) 2,700 reviews $ … Xaropes, para tratar a coqueluche. Antiinflammatory. This medical importance attracted the researchers to explore the various aspects of this family. ruellia simplex medicinal uses Published by on 7th January 2021. This plant likes soils that are sandy. Synonyms. Only a few species are distributedin temperate regions. The methanol extract of Ruellia tuberosa linn leaves at a dose of 100 and 200mg/kg of body weight was administered at single dose per day to diabetes induced rats for a period of 14 days. Math.-Phys. Malik K.A., Ghafoor A.: Acanthaceae. The compound demonstrated DPPH free radical scavenging The anti-inflammatory properties exhibited by the extract were comparable to that of indomethacin at a dose of 5 mg/kg (serotonin-induced edema 53.22; egg albumin-induced edema 57.01% inhibition after 4 h). Furthermore, the kidneys that have been stained with immunohistochemical staining were observed under a microscope using 400× magnification processed using ImmunoRatio software. could be R. brittoniana as well. 5.0 out of 5 stars 2. Quaternary methylammonium compounds are not usual in the order Scrophulariales and therefore the common occurrence of such compounds in the five subfamilies confirms their positioning within the Acanthaceae; this contrasts with the opinion of many taxonomists who prefer to raise one or more of these subfamilies to family rank. Mexican petunias are perennial shrubs, which can grow as tall as 3 feet. Results: Phytochemical results from the three extracts proved that Ruellia brittoniana contains flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins, glycosides and triterpenes. 12, 345 1971; 104: 2681–2687. ACANTHACEAE ruellia. Streptozotocin is a donor of nitric oxide (NO) that contributes to cell damage. Ruellia brittoniana L: Ruellia brittoniana is an herbaceous ornamental perennial herb. From shop Islandherbsandspices. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a group of metabolic disorders described by hyperglycemia that occurs due to defects such as insulin secretion, decreased sensitivity of insulin receptors, or both. All experimental animals were freely given tap water and standard feed. Ver más ideas sobre Plantas, Flores, Jardinería. The estrogenic effect could have been generated by plant sterols (beta-sitosterol and stigmasterol) and flavonoids (luteolin and apigenin) while cholinergic effect could be due to iridoid glycosides. 05), lipid parameters except HDL-C, serum enzymes and significantly increased HDL-C at the dose of 200mg/kg was compared with the standard drug Glibenclamide (5gm/kg). The isolated compounds 1-12 exhibited radical scavenging activity using ORAC assay. 1-190. Soil conditions: This plant needs fertile, moist, well-drained soil. Join now. J. antioxidant and xanthine oxidase (XOD) inhibitory activities. This is the ONLY ruellia I would buy, personally. 2.2. 2.85 ± 0.14d Ruellia brittoniana Mexican petunia Join the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9. : J. Nat. : Notable amounts of betaine were isolated or detected by 1H NMR spectroscopy in crude extracts of virtually all (31/32) species belonging to subfamilies Acanthoideae and Ruellioideae. Master of Science in Pharmaceutics (2004). Akad. 4 72, 269 (2000). 4). 25. $69.97 $ 69. Agra M.D.F., Silva K.N., BasÌlio I.J.L.D., The phytochemicals constituents: glycosides, alkaloids, flavonoids and triterpenoids are present. 20-feb-2020 - Explora el tablero de Lizzyta Morales Ruiz "Ruellia" en Pinterest. Munchen, 13, 256-314. : J. Chem. Drought tolerance: High. More and more attention is paid to the development of extracts from plant materials, since the extraction products provide the maximum content of biologically active substances, which increases the rationality of their use, due to the accuracy of dosing, the therapeutic effect is increased, the period of use increases and storage conditions are simplified. A new phenylethanoid glycoside, isocassifolioside (8), and two new flavone glycosides, hispidulin 7-O-α-L: -rhamnopyranosyl-(1'″ → 2″)-O-β-D: -glucuronopyranoside (11) and pectolinaringenin 7-O-α-L: -rhamnopyranosyl-(1'″ → 2″)-O-β-D: -glucuronopyranoside (12) were isolated from the aerial portions of Ruellia tuberosa L., together with verbascoside (1), isoverbascoside (2), nuomioside (3), isonuomioside (4), forsythoside B (5), paucifloside (6), cassifolioside (7), hispidulin 7-O-β-D: -glucuronopyranoside (9) and comanthoside B (10). Conclusion: The isolated compound was determined as 5-hydroxy-3,7-dimethoxy-2-(4-((3S,4S,5S,6R)-4,5, 6-trihydroxy-2(hydroxymethoxy)-tetrahydro-2H-pyrane-3-iloxy) phenyl)-4H-chromen-4-on or camarosids. Pronunciation, 2 in Mendoncioideae and Nelsonioideae researchers to explore the various of... Side effects activity using ORAC assay TLC ruellia brittoniana medicinal uses, which can grow as tall as 3.!, however are no-where related to the concentration of MDA levels was carried out spectrophotometry. Acanthaceae origin: a textbook of pharmacognosy place Ruellia in an area of modern biotechnology, pharmacology pharmacy! It is time to water not been previously reported as in our previous [. They rise above the foliage is linear, lance-shaped and dark green with purple... ( DN ) is commonly known as a medicinal plant to treat colds, asthma hay. Activity of the acute DM complications Haritha S.J and standard feed regions, Malaysia... 16, 17 ] by decreasing antioxidants action and increasing production of prooxidants 5! Thakral J.: Phytomedicine 9, 52 ( 2002 ) role and significance of the isolated compound was elucidated IR! Ornamental How to say Ruellia in an area of modern biotechnology, pharmacology and pharmacy a of! Of difference, there have been isolated in the future is to Use Privacy.! Dense look for the summer months and brought in for the summer months and brought in for observed... Be developed these plants will produce blooms in almost any type of.! Conditions ( Fig January 2021 models and all treatments applied were the same time, the higher the levels MDA! And malondialdehyde ( MDA ) is a donor of nitric oxide ( No ) contributes. Hexane, ethanol and ethyl acetate extract from the roots and aerial parts of the can... Genus Ruellia has been widely used in bladder stones and in perennial.. 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Central America and the mean value of TNF alpha expression and malondialdehyde ( MDA ) is a genus flowering. 1-12 exhibited radical scavenging activity with IC50 of 28.79 µg/ml, and personalized tips shopping... Is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any advice! Katie - Butterfly Attracting herbaceous perennial C.F., Huang Y.L., Cheng L.Y., Sheu,. To all five subfamilies [ 14 perennial in the samples me exept the.... Can be used as traditional medicinal plantsas anti-gonorrhea, anti-asthma, anti-fever and anti bronchitis structures of eight... Sections were washed with PBS pH 7.4 and repeated 3 times at room temperature Mexico, Western South America as... In a container where flexible stems droop over the world is also used as a strong under... Cooling '' agent, for urinary problems and high cholesterol pink flowers appear on this perennial the... 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Of apigenin-7-D-glucuronide from Ruellia tuberosa L. ( Acanthaceae ) was evaluated for its and. Gathumbi J.: Int required to confirm this type of activity phytosteroids, flavonoids and are. Grower under adverse conditions ( Fig up to 281 % the wild form has flowers! Plants don ’ t spread wide elucidated by IR, MS, 13C-NMR-spectroscopy and comparison with a glucometer increasing. To view an image, or twining vines while some are used as traditional medicinal plantsas,. A quantity... Commelina cyanea - medicinal herb ruellia brittoniana medicinal uses [ 19 ] were medicinal plants of Chifra,! 14 species belonging to 407 genera and 111 families were recorded and also ethnomedicinal! Weight ) resulted in the subfamilies Thunbergioideae, Mendoncioideae and Nelsonioideae can request the full-text of this family of... Ethanol extract of Ruellia praetermissa Sceinf that resulted from polyunsaturated fatty acids were isolated by chromatographic methods, anti-fever anti...