Ans- leguminous plants are those plants that help to restore the fertility of the soil as their small nodes absorb nitrogen from the air and fix it into the soil. In pulse crops, often it has been observed that they produce less amount of dry matter compared to other crops in the same duration. Which one of them is not obtained directly from the crops ? Pulses are low in fat and rich in soluble fibre, which can lower cholesterol and help in the control of blood sugar. You probably already eat more pulses than you realize! An important constituent of our dietary habit, Pulses are leguminous crops and an important source of protein, fibres, vitamins, starch, and minerals. Though pulses are grown in both Kharif and Rabi seasons, Rabi pulses contribute more than 60 per cent of the total production. Which one of the following is not true for pulses? Having the option to eat and sell the pulses they grow helps farmers maintain household food security and creates economic stability. Dried beans, chickpeas, lentils and peas are the most commonly known and consumed types of pulses. Cash crops are those crops which are grown for sale either in raw form or semi processed form. the fix their own Nitrogen from the atmosphere (similar to clover). (a) Pulses are grown in both rabi and kharif season (b) Pulses are leguminous crops (c) They are grown in rotation with other crops (d) Pulses require intensive irrigation facilities. Chick peas, cowpeas, black-eyed peas and pigeon peas are also pulses, as are all varieties of lentils. Dried beans , lentils and peas are the most commonly known and consumed types of pulses . Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level. The low yields of legume crops and the shortage of pulses as indicated by increasing prices have emphasized a greater need for research and as a result the "All-India Coordinated Projects" for the improvement of grain legumes and oilseeds (including groundnut) were established in the late 1960s. Q.1 (iii):- Which one of the following is a leguminous crop? Furthermore, the nitrogen-fixing properties of pulses improve soil fertility, which increases and extends the productivity of the farmland. However, pulses fix atmospheric nitrogen in the soil naturally, and in some cases free soil-bound phosphorous, thus significantly decreasing the need for synthetic fertilizers. Science; Social Science; Mathematics; English; Hindi; Class 10. Pulses are leguminous crops found in almost all crop growing regions, globally. Dry Beans Lentils Faba Beans Dry Peas Chickpeas Cowpeas Bambara Beans Pigeon Peas Lupins Vetches Black … Pulses need less moisture and survive even in dry conditions. These seeds are harvested mature and marketed dry to be used as food or feed or processed into various products. So, pulses are a terrific crop to grow, and eat! Some pulses you may know and love: Lentils (a great addition to a smoothie) Beans . (a) Pulses (b) Jawar (c) Millets (d) Sesamum Answer:- (a) Pulses. Science; Social Science; Mathematics; English ; Hindi; Class 11. Pulses do not include crops which are harvested green (e.g. Class 9. It is about 40cm tall and the seeds grow in pods, usually with two seeds in each. Staples dishes and cuisines from across the world feature pulses, from hummus in the Mediterranean (chick peas), to a traditional full English breakfast (baked navy beans) to Indian dal (peas or lentils). Pulses can contribute to climate change mitigation by reducing dependence on the synthetic fertilizers used to introduce nitrogen artificially into the soil. These little nutrition nuggets play a huge role in healthy diets in countries all over the world. 5. Some examples of pulses include beans, peas, cowpea, dry beans like pinto beans, kidney beans, navy beans, dry peas, lentils, lupins, and peanuts, Mung bean, golden gram, green gram. Cereals have high levels of carbohydrates, whereas pulses are rich in proteins, nutrients, vitamins, and amino acids, though have lower contents of carbohydrates. Pulses are a type of leguminous crop that are harvested solely for the dry seed. Why are some pulses known as leguminous crops ? Pulses are leguminous crops. As pulses are leguminous crops, and all of these except tur or arhar help in restoring soil fertility by fixing and using nitrogen from the air in the soil. India is the largest producer (25% of global production), consumer (27% of world consumption) and importer (14%) of pulses in the world. Pulses grow in pods and come in a variety of shapes, sizes and colours. Pulses are the edible seeds of leguminous plants cultivated for food. seeds of clover and alfalfa). Popular pulses include all varieties of dried beans, such as kidney beans, lima beans, butter beans and broad beans. Pulses are a leguminous crop that are harvested solely for the dry seed. Pulses are a type of leguminous crop that are harvested solely for the dry seed. Pulses is a general term that covers many crops like Beans, Peas, Lupins, Vetches and Soybean. What is unique to them is their property of fixing atmospheric nitrogen in their root nodules thereby, making the soil rich in nutrients. which are classified as vegetable crops. Why are some pulses known as leguminous crops ? Global Pulse Flours Market is valued approximately USD 13.79 billion in 2018 and is anticipated to grow with a healthy growth rate of more than 5.30% over the forecast period 2019-2026. Pulses are a type of leguminous crop but pulse term refers to dried seed. Why are some pulses known as leguminous crops? Common Pulses Pulses are the dried seeds of the legume plants. Major pulse producing states in India are Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Karnataka. Being leguminous crops, all these crops except arhar help in restoring soil fertility by fixing nitrogen from the air. The term pulse, as used by the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), is reserved for legume crops harvested solely for the dry seed. Science. They do not include crops that are harvested green—think green peas or green beans—or crops used mainly for oil extraction—such as soybean and groundnuts—or leguminous crops that are used exclusively for sowing purposes as is the case of … Being leguminous, they Grain legumes, also called pulses, are plants belonging to the family Leguminosae (alternatively Fabaceae) which are grown primarily for their edible seeds. Which one of the following is not true for pulses? Urad, moong, masur, peas, gram and tur (arhar) are the major pulses grown in India. Pulses have also been shown to help combat obesity. Pulses are versatile in all kinds of recipes. FAO recognizes 11 primary pulses. The Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) defines “pulses” as annual leguminous crops yielding from one to twelve grains or seeds of variable size, shape, and color within a pod. In these plants the seeds are found inside pods and the root nodules have the capacity of nitrogen fixation in the soil. Compare the geographical conditions, required of the two major cereal crops in India, rice and wheat. Legume Seed Crops or Pulses- leguminous plants which produce edible, protein-rich seeds. Answer. Such crops are also classified as legumes – i.e. Dried beans, lentils and peas are most commonly known and consumed. green peas, green beans)—these are classified as vegetable crops. Pulses are the leguminous crop, that is harvested as the dry seed in a pod. Pulses are essential crops for a number of reasons. Name the four fibre crops grown in India. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Pulses do not include crops which are harvested green (e.g. In which country the ‘slash and burn’ agriculture is known as ‘Roca’? Major of them are as follows: Like many leguminous crops, pulses play a key role in crop rotation due to their ability to fix nitrogen. Dried beans, lentils and peas are the most commonly known and consumed types of pulses. By using pulses for intercropping and cover crops, farmers can also promote farm biodiversity and soil biodiversity, while keeping harmful pests and diseases at bay. Pulses are important food crops due to their high protein and essential amino acid content. Examples of leguminous Green Manures are as follows: Local name- Cowpea, Cluster bean (Guar), Green gram (Mung bean), Sesbania, Dhaincha, Sunhemp, Wild Indigo, Pillipesara, Berseem, Madras Indigo etc. Why are they grown in rotation with other crops? Pulses are a leguminous crop that are harvested solely for the dry seed. 3 ) Bean =Bean is a common name for large plant seeds of several genera of the family Fabaceae (formerly Leguminosae) used for human food or animal feed. Pulses are leguminous crops that are high in protein content. (a) Pulses are grown in both rabi and kharif season (b) Pulses are leguminous crops (c) They are grown in rotation with other crops (d) Pulses require intensive irrigation facilities Hundreds of different varieties of pulses are grown around the globe. Name the major pulses grown in India and the states leading in their production. The term 'pulse' is derived from the Latin pulse meaning 'seed or grain can be made into a thick soup or pottage'. For farmers, pulses are an important crop because they can be both sold and consumed by the farmers and their families. However, protein quality is inferior compared to meat because methionine content is generally insufficient. Dried beans, chickpeas, lentils and peas are the most commonly known and consumed types of pulses. Answer: (d) Pulses require intensive irrigation facilities Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. Explain any two geographical conditions required for the cultivation of pulses. Like Us on Facebook Connect on LinkedIn Home; About; NCERT Solution. Pulses do not include crops which are harvested green (e.g. Greenhouse gases are released during the manufacturing and application of these fertilizers, and their overuse can be detrimental to the environment. While both soybean and peanut are leguminous plants they are not regarded as pulses as they are traditionally seen to be oilseed crops (for information on … Because of these qualities they are recommended by health organizations for the management of non-communicable diseases like diabetes and heart conditions. 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