Come to a home you deserve located in Olathe, KS. A maximum of 300 spots (25 percent of capacity) per session will be available. • JANUARY 16, lt!72.-Referred to the Committee on Indian Affairs and ordered to be printed. The “Black Bob Band” of the Shawnee, under the leadership of a chief named Black Bob, vehemently refused to accept individual allotments in 1854. Letter from I. G. Vore to General J. W. Denver in Washington D.C., regarding introducing an Act of Congress authorizing Texas Cherokees to sue the State of Texas, and the sale of Black Bob Shawnee… Inventory: XGR-7188. Map from the 1874 Atlas Map of Johnson County, Johnson County Museum. His band was a part of the Hathawekela division of the Shawnee. Today, the only reminders of this contentious history in Johnson County are places named for Chief Black Bob and his followers: Black Bob Road, Black Bob Park, and Black Bob Elementary School in Olathe. We season with Kosher salt and black pepper, and grill it when you want it. Now Help Us Collect It, A Great History of the Great Mall of the Great Plains. Black Buffalo – 1740. What Native peoples lived in Johnson County before the Shawnee were moved there? In an 1854 treaty with Black Bob, the United States gave them rights to land on the Shawnee Reservation in that state. Construction continued until 1862. 64 and 65/v. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The Black Bob Reservation (or Black Bob Reserve) was located in the southeastern part of Johnson County, Kansas, at the sources of the Blue and Tomahawk creeks, lying in Oxford, Spring Hill, Aubry and Olathe townships, on 33,000 acres in the Tomahawk Creek area near the current intersection of 119th and Black Bob Road. They had a history of partial assimilation into European American culture and traded heavily with Americans. The chief of a Shawnee band, originally a part of the Hatha­wekela division of the Shawnee. Black Bob kept the band together until his death in 1862 or 1864, but in 1867 the speculators induced the Indians to put their land in severalty. In the 1870s, after many years of struggling to have their Kansas land titles recognized, the Black Bob Band was finally subjected to government removal (although they did not accept U.S. citizenship). One of their early homes was on the Savannah River, which, indeed, took its name from this tribe. In compliance with FTC guidelines, please assume the following about all links on this website that are outbound links: Since I share products and services I use and love with my readers, assume that I may receive a small commision if you buy something or subscribe to a service from a link on this website (at no additional cost to you). Bricklayer “Indian Jim” Paved the Way for JoCo’s Growth, 2020 Made History. Members of the Black Bob Band joined with the Absentee Shawnees and the Cherokee. When they returned, white squatters had taken possession of portion of the land. The Shawnee point out that this 1869 Agreement was recently abrogated when, on December 27, 2000, Congress restored the Shawnee Tribe's “current and historical responsibilities, jurisdiction, and sovereignty as it relates to the Shawnee Tribe, the Cherokee-Shawnee people, and their properties everywhere.” 25 U.S.C. In 1825, the federal government negotiated the Treaty of St. Louis, which removed 1,400 Missouri-based Shawnee to lands in Kansas (some Shawnee continued into Oklahoma and eventually into Mexican Texas, and became known as the “Absentee Shawnee”). Pages on this site may include affiliate links to Amazon and its affiliate sites on which the owner of this website will make a referral commission.The shopping links above this notice go to our own store, AAA Native Arts Gallery. The Loyal Shawnee made an agreement with the Cherokee Nation in 1869, allowing 722 to gain citizenship within the Cherokee tribe and receive allotments of Cherokee land. Alphabetical list of Shawnee Names found in Shawnee Heritage I (the first volume of the series). James Burnett Abbott, one-time Indian Agent to the Shawnee and schemer against the Black Bob Band. 58 reviews #12 of 90 Restaurants in Shawnee $$ - $$$ American Barbecue 120 W Macarthur St, Shawnee, OK 74804-2007 +1 405-275-2040 Website Menu Closed now : See all hours Tribal members petitioned the US Government in the 1870s to “keep their land intact,” noting that since the war, the band had been “composed largely of women and children.” They also said that it is not their choice to divide their land, but “is an alternative urged on them by speculators who care nothing for our people, only so far as they can use us for selfish purposes.”. After the Civil War, the Shawnee in Kansas were expelled and forced to move to northeastern Oklahoma. MS 1258: 1.02: Account book of Major James B. Abbott, dated Lawrence 28 October 1854 to 12 January 1856, and later items; also selections of lands made in 1862 by members of the Black Bob band of Shawnees, under the treaty of 1854. Black Bob Bay is closed for the 2020 summer season. Content not in compliance with our civility expectations will be removed from our page or posts, and repeat offenders may be blocked. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Afterward, joined by many Kansas Shawnee (Black Bob's band), they returned to Indian Territory and claimed acreage assigned the Potawatomi. In 1861 Kansas became a state, and the non-Indian people of Kansas demanded that all Indian tribes must be removed from the state. Within days, Congress passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act, and immediately large numbers of white Americans moved into Kansas to fight each other over black slavery. The legal issue of land title became so complicated and so expensive to fight, in the end it was too much for the Black Bob to overcome. The government permitted the Shawnee to stay on their lands in Kansas only if they accepted individual allotments. Black Face – 1740. The Shawnee reservation in Kansas stretched from the Missouri State boundary nearly to modern-day Junction City, and from the Kansas River to about the southern line of Johnson County. These cultures were removed to reservations in Kansas by the Federal government prior to removing the Shawnee from their ancestral lands in the Ohio River Valley and placing them on reservations in Kansas. Then, on account of the losses and sufferings to which they were subjected from bushwhackers on one hand, and Kansas thieves on the other, they left their homes and went to the Indian Territory in a body. Eastman’s Map, showing reservations in Kansas, c. 1854. Part Five: Troubles (1998 to 1999), Johnson County Library Local History Resources, Missouri Valley Special Collections Digital Gallery, https://jocogov.org/legal-disclosures#socialmedia. Size: 5 3/4 inches x 8 3/4 inches. Google Street View of Black Bob Park, in southern Johnson County. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. When Missouri became a state in 1821, European Americans spread westward rapidly, onto the territory of Native Americans. Other Information: Pages: 2. The Blackfeather Farm, in Overland Park, Kansas still exists as of 2013. Chief Black Bob died during this time, either in 1862 or 1864, but his followers maintained their independence from the rest of the Shawnee nation and the national council. This item will ship to United States, but the seller has not specified shipping options. Doc. nos. We welcome your comments and discussion! The government mandated the placement of the Native Americans who remained in the new Kansas Territory on individual allotments of land, rather than on large reservations. During the Civil War many of the Shawnee Tribe fought for the Union, which inspired the name, “Loyal Shawnee.” Instead of receiving compensation or honors for their service, they returned to their Kansas lands, only to find much of it taken over by non-Indian homesteaders. He had relatives among the Blackfeather people. This book may be previewed and ordered at the following URLs: ... Black Bob – 1775. Shawnee land holdings were reduced to roughly 200,000 acres, located within 30 miles of the Missouri border. ( Log Out /  ( Log Out /  Beginning about 1870, the Black Bob Indians of the Shawnee Tribe who lived on a reservation in Johnson Co., Kansas known as the “Black Bob Reserve” began petitioning the government to keep their lands intact. See more ideas about shawnee, shawnee tribe, shawnee indians. Our burgers are made of 100% USDA Choice Chuck. However, these petitions were not successful, the lands were sold to speculators. A more complete reunion in 1833 occurred only through intimidation. Black Bob Park is an 80 acre community park dedicated in 1981. Chief Black Bob died during this time, either in 1862 or 1864, but his followers maintained their independence from the rest of the Shawnee nation and the national council. During the American Civil War, Black Bob's band fled from Kansas and joined the "Absentee Shawnee" in Oklahoma to escape the war. The reservation became home to 2,183 Shawnees from a variety of different bands between 1825 and 1834. Change ). During the years of the Civil War, Shawnees from the Absentee-Shawnee and other bands fled to the 33,000 acre Black Bob Reservation as refugees. The JoCoHistory Partner organizations do not endorse any user-submitted content and/or links nor assume any liability for any actions of participating users. In the case of the Black Bob Band of the Shawnee, by generalizing we risk losing voices of dissent and resistance against the destruction of a culture. From the 1874 Atlas Map of Johnson County, Johnson County Museum. Other Shawnee disagreed and wanted to retain traditional culture and remain on their ancestral lands. Courtesy Kansas Historical Society. The Shawnee Reservation in Kansas was never legally dissolved and some Shawnee families still hold their allotment lands in Kansas. Black Cat – 1745. The council was made up of assimilationists who allied themselves with the federal government, rather than traditional leaders and hereditary chiefs. It seems that “speculators” were trying to purchase part of the land held jointly as a tribe from some tribal members. In 1857, there was 136 Black Bob Indians left. Learn how your comment data is processed. To make matters worse, James B. Abbott, an ex-Indian Agent to the Shawnees, and H.L. “The Black Bob Shawnee were expelled from their land and moved to Northeastern Oklahoma.” There they joined the Absentee-Shawnee, and claimed acreage that eventually turned out to have been previously assigned the Potawatomi. Black Bob (Shawnee: Wa-wah-che-pa-e-hai or Wa-wah-che-pa-e-kar) (d. 1862 or 1864) was a Native American Shawnee Chief. All sessions are open to Olathe residents and non-residents. Black Bob Lands in Kansas. Residents and non-residents will be required to register and pay online for a two-hour session. The Shawnee Indian Methodist Mission and school were established for the Shawnee, Delaware and other Indian nations in 1839. One researcher states that the “Loyal Shawnee” is a later name for the “Black Bob Band.” The Black Bob Band’s records were kept by the Shawnee Agency. Black Bob. The Black-Bob band took their lands in common, as did another small band. Mar 30, 2017 - Explore barbara howell's board "SHAWNEE TRIBE", followed by 273 people on Pinterest. Blackbob Court Townhomes has everything you need . While the U.S. government recognized the acreage as individual allotments accumulated in one place, the Black Bob Shawnee chose to view it as a single allotment to be used for communal living. It is said that the name of this most remarkable tribe comes from Shawun, south, or Shawunogi, Southerners. Part Six: Attention Shoppers, The Mall Will Be Closing In Fifteen Years (2000 to 2008), A Great History of the Great Mall of the Great Plains. With the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act in 1854, the U.S. government’s new goal was to open Kansas for settlers from the United States. Extremely informative. Johnson County was part of the ancestral territory of the Kansa (Kansas) people. Tecumseh, Shawnee Indian chief, orator, military leader, and advocate of intertribal Indian alliance who directed Indian resistance to white rule in the Ohio River valley. In 1808, Chief Black Bob and his band refused to remove with the rest of the tribe to Indian Territory. Ford lives in the northwest Oklahoma community of Okeene where he is the manager of the Mill and serves as co-chairman … These letters concern the sale of lands to Black Bob’s Band of Shawnee. They became known as the “Cherokee Shawnee,” primarily settling in the areas of Bird Creek (now known as Sperry); Hudson Creek (now known as Fairland); and White Oak. So often, people talk about “the Shawnee” as a single unit; in reality, the Shawnee were a people intensely divided by the complex issues of assimilation, removal, intra-tribal politics, and maintaining traditional practices and beliefs. Courtesy Kansas Historical Society. He was known for being one of the last Shawnee leaders to resist leaving for the Indian Territory, and for keeping his band together until his death, holding their lands in common, as they moved between Missouri, Arkansas, and the Black Bob Reservation in Kansas. Courtesy Kansas Historical Society. Portions of the Shawnee nation agreed with the tactic of assimilation and even with removal, hoping that the U.S. government might finally leave them alone. They joined other Shawnee in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) on a joint Shawnee-Cherokee reservation. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. The Black Bob band had written directly to President Andrew Jackson, noting that “For the last forty years we have resided in Upper Louisiana,” (which was now called Missouri), “peaceably following our usual occupations for the support of our families” … explaining that the Shawnee lands in Kansas had “a climate colder than we have been accustomed to, or wish to live in,” and they would be “surrounded by people who are strangers to us.” However, in 1833, this petition was denied. The tribe held its lands in common until 1866, and continued to live as had been their custom, making but little progress and spending most of their time in visiting other tribes and hunting, until the breaking out of the Civil  War. Other names for Black were Black Fish, Chief Blackfish, Chiungulla, Chiungulla "Black Fish," Mkah-day-way-may-qua, Chinugalla Blackfish, Cot-ta-wa-ma-go Blackfish, Pah Blackfish, and Pah-e-a-ta-hea-se-ka Chinugalla. The Black Bob Band became known as Skipakákamithagî’ in the Shawnee language meaning “blue water Indians”; because they lived on the Big Blue River. The Black Bob fled to the west and south for protection. For Black Bob and his followers, accepting the government’s offer of individual land grants signified the forfeiture of their rights as tribal members. Eventually, Black Bob’s band removed to the area of Kansas. During the Border War and Civil War, the Black Bob’s land was directly in the path of warring vigilante groups. The government set aside a tract of land for the Black Bob Band totaling 33,000 acres in southern Johnson County. “Letters form the Secretary of the Interior.” In 42nd Congress, 2nd Session. Head south on Noland St toward W 132nd St, Turn right onto W 133rd St, Turn left onto S Pflumm Rd, Turn right at the 1st cross street onto W 135th St, Turn right onto S Black Bob Rd, Our facility will be on the right. Shipping and handling. The park is located on what was part of the Shawnee Indian Reservation, first established in 1825. There they remained until peace was proclaimed, when about one hundred returned to dispose of their lands, only to find them taken over by sqatters in their absence. ( Log Out /  Although their settlements were north of the Kansas River, Johnson County would have been a part of their hunting territory. Sale of these lands which have been allotted and patented to Black Bob Shawnees; treaty of 10 May 1854. Seller assumes all responsibility for this listing. We use cookies to remember log in details, provide secure log in, improve site functionality, and deliver personalized content. In the War of 1812 he joined British forces for the capture of Detroit and the invasion of Ohio. Black Bob was half Miami and half Shawnee. The “Black Bob Band” of the Shawnee, under the leadership of a chief named Black Bob, vehemently refused to accept individual allotments in 1854. (from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shawnee)Shawnee comes from the Algonquin word \"shawun,\" meaning \"southerner.\" Shawnee usually call themselves the Shawano or Shawanoe or Shawanese. The Cape Girardeau band believed that government commissioners had misled them about the 1825 treaty and argued that they had never agreed to allow any Ohio Shawnees to settle on the western lands. The history of Chief Black Bob and his followers reminds us that when talking about the past, just as today, generalizations always leave someone out. It seems that “speculators” were … Black Bob’s band still had no desire to move to the Kansas River. As a historical sketch in the 1874 Atlas Map of Johnson County relates, the Black Bob “soon began to suffer robbery and losses at the hands of bushwackers [pro-slavery forces], or Kansas thieves, and becoming uneasy—exposed as they were on both sides—left the county in a body and took up their residence in the Indian Territory.” Pro-slavery vigilantes under William Quantrill raided the Black Bob reservation in September 1862. Black Butcher – 1730. F THE INTERIOR, IN RELATIO~ TO Oertain lctnds in the State of Kansas belonging to the Black Bob band of Shawnee Indians, u.:ith bill for the sale of the same . Only the traditionalist Black Bob Band continued to hold its land in common, and a portion of unallotted land was set aside for the Absentee Shawnee if they decided to relocate to Kansas. Black Bob Indians of Johnson County, Kansas Posted on March 5, 2012 by Roberta Estes Beginning about 1870, the Black Bob Indians of the Shawnee Tribe who lived on a reservation in Johnson Co., Kansas known as the “Black Bob Reserve” began petitioning the government to keep their lands intact. “The original land patent of the Blackfeather Farm was awarded to To Wah Pea and her heirs on March 13, 1885. They predominantly settled in what is now Craig and Rogers County, Oklahoma. They settled in northeastern Kansas near Olathe and along the Kansas (Kaw) River in Monticello near Gum Springs. Charles Bluejacket, an assimilationist Shawnee leader, owned an extensive property, including an orchard. They lived in South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and other states before coming to Kansas. The government exchanged 1.6 million acres of Shawnee reservation land in Kansas for individual grants of 200 acres for each Shawnee man, woman, and child. The border troubles before and during the Civil War made it impossible for these Shawnees to remain on their land, and they went to the Indian Territory. West: Near Olathe Senior Residence Lengthy letters containing more information on the sale of Black Bob’s Lands and Shawnee lands, in general. By posting comments to the JoCoHistory Blog, you understand and acknowledge that this information is available to the public. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Call (913) 829-1141 today! Black Bob (Wa-wah-che-pa-e-hai or Wa-wah-che-pa-e-kar) was a chief of the Hathawekela division of the Shawnee indian tribe. 7). An 1872 congressional act gave title of that land to the Absentee Shawnee. This site was part of the tract belonging to the Black Bob band. In 1866, they applied for the partition of the Black Bob’s common property and requested individual allotments for 69 members of the band. The Kansas reservation brought nearly 2,000 members of these divergent factions of the Shawnee nation together. The Black Bob, less than 200 in total, were traditionalists who rejected assimilation, believed in communal land ownership, and found themselves regularly at odds with the Shawnee national council. Shawnee Indian Mission, Fairway, Kansas by Kathy Weiser-Alexander. The reservation originally covered (what is now) Johnson County and (parts of) Douglas and Miami Counties. The JoCoHistory Blog follows Johnson County, KS Government's social media user responsibility guidelines at https://jocogov.org/legal-disclosures#socialmedia. If you do buy something, thanks for your support ! Taylor, his successor, contrived a scheme to swindle land from the Black Bob. This 1.6 million-acre reservation stretched from the confluence of the Kansas and Missouri rivers west toward present-day Topeka. Chief Black Fish 1 was born in 1725 and died on 12 Oct 1779 in Chillicothe, Shawnee Territory (Ohio), (United States) at age 54. As a result, a portion of the Shawnees under the leadership of Black Bob did not move to eastern Kansas and instead settled along the White River in Arkansas. Topic: Condition of the Black Bob Band of Shawnee Indians in KS . The Black Bob, who had no knowledge of such an application in their name, cried foul, asserting that no one could speak for their Band. Black Bob and his Hathawekela band (also known as the Skipakákamithagî  band), the Cape Girardeau Shawnee, lived on land controlled by Spain in eastern Missouri on land granted to them about 1793 by Baron Carondelet, near Cape Girardeau. The Shawnee Methodist Mission was built nearby to minister to the tribe. ( Log Out /  The Shawnee members of the former Lewistown group became known as the "Eastern Shawnee". 1. (Ser. By 1833, only Black Bob’s band of Shawnee resisted removal, but they too were moved to northeastern Kansas in 1833. They are an Black Bob (Wa-wah-che-pa-e-hai or Wa-wah-che-pa-e-kar) was a chief of the Hathawekela division of the Shawnee indian tribe. Their anger was pointed at untrustworthy federal officials and the national council of the Shawnee. Settlers were granted 130,000 acres (530 km2) of Shawnee land, while 70,000 acres (280 km2) remained to for the tribe, of which 20,000 acres (81 km2) were granted to the Absentee Shawnee. They began illegally selling land to squatters. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! On Oct. 26, 1831, “General William Clark at Castor Hill in St. Louis County, Missouri, signed a treaty with representatives of the Delaware then in Kansas and the Cape Girardeau Shawnee (the Black Bob band) then in Arkansas, giving up all claim to the Cape Girardeau grant. Great question! Black Bob (Shawnee chief) (d. 1862 or 1864), Native American Shawnee chief Black Bob (musician), American blues pianist Robert Craufurd (1764–1812), nicknamed Black Bob, Scottish soldier Bob Tuckett (born 1948), nicknamed Black Bob, professional light heavyweight/cruiserweight boxer of the 1970s Black Bull – 1730. Black Caesar – 1710. The Black Bob Band became one of the predecessors to today’s Shawnee Tribe. Among others, we are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. During 1833, only Black Bob’s band of Shawnee resisted removal. Black Body – 1788. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. There is a movement to learn what specific Native people’s land our houses are occupying so this information is helpful. Settlers moved onto the land as soon as the war was over, and disputes over the land continued for 20 years. The Osage also may have hunted here. Those who did—perhaps 700 or more—were called the “severalty” Shawnee because of their individual land ownership. James Burnett Abbott, one-time Indian Agent to the Shawnee and schemer against the Black Bob Band. Map showing the 33,000 acres belonging to the Black Bob Band, with a modern street overlay. The Shawnee were a people whittled away by American encroachment and Indian Removal policies. Meanwhile, the Rogerstown and Fish bands traveled directly to eastern Kansas, where successive parties of Ohio Shawnees joined them over the next several years. The Black Bob, less than 200 in total, were traditionalists who rejected assimilation, protested the federal government’s policy of Indian Removal, believed in communal land ownership, and were vocal critics of the Shawnee national council. We grind fresh chuck and hand patty our burgers daily. Thanks! Joseph and Johnson Blackfeather were some of the heirs, hence the Blackfeather name is associated with this land. Bob Ford published a memoir of his combat experiences in the novel Black Cat 2-1, The True Story of Vietnam Helicopter Pilot and His Crew. Containing more information on the Savannah River, Johnson County, Johnson County was part the! Map from the 1874 Atlas Map of Johnson County and ( parts of ) Douglas Miami. This book may be previewed and ordered at the following URLs:... Bob. 2020 made History Farm was awarded to to Wah Pea and her heirs on March 13, 1885 Abbott... ) on a joint Shawnee-Cherokee reservation dedicated in 1981 is a movement to learn specific. Indian Mission, Fairway, Kansas by Kathy Weiser-Alexander Kentucky, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and the council., located within 30 miles of the Kansas and Missouri rivers west toward present-day Topeka from this tribe a! 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( what is now Craig and Rogers County, Johnson County Museum tract of land for the summer! Missouri border 1861 Kansas became a state, and disputes over the land as soon the...
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