Sathe AV, 1971. Its an intriguing plant in that the raw sugar it produces is wildly health building; the refined sugar produced from it will kill you. Sugarcane is grown in various kinds of soils, such as red volcanic soils and alluvial soils of rivers. Symptoms & Life Cycle. To secure a good crop, weeds in the cane fields must be attacked until the cane stools develop a good canopy, which checks weed growth. Damage symptoms. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Saccharum aegyptium Wiild. Common Name: Sugarcane | Scientific Name: Sacharum Officinarum. Indian Journal of Sugarcane Research Development, 8:275-276. ... Sugarcane, bamboo, and several sorghum and grass species. Canoe Plants, Cultivated Plants, Edible Hawaiian Plants, Graminoids, Inconspicuous Flowers, Inconspicuous Hawaiian Flowers, Perennials, Poaceae - Grass Family, White Flowers. Sugarcane Fiji disease virus is spread in Solomon Islands and presumably in other Pacific island countries by a species of Perkinsiella (most likely Perkinsiella saccharicida), a planthopper (Photo 5), which breeds among the young leaves. … INTRODUCTION The word saccharum derived from Sanskrit word sarkara which mean sugar in India. The lowest temperature for good cane-plant growth is about 20 °C (68 °F). Furthermore in Punjabi it is called ganna or kamad. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Continuous cooler temperature promotes the maturation of cane, as does withholding water. Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Pers. The nymphs are brown and oval (Photo 1), and the adults have black bands on the wings, and are arrow-shaped when at rest (Photo 2). Here are common names of Sugarcane. Dactylopius sacchari Ckll. Sugarcane provides raw material for the second largest agro-based industry after textile. The official classification of sugarcane is Saccharum officinarum, and it belongs to the family Gramineae. Process and products. Nomenclatural revision of the common rust fungus affecting sugarcane. Scientific name : Opogona glycyphaga . Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. Hence, scientific name of Sugarcane is used worldwide. Noble species. Mechanical planters that open the furrow, fertilize, drop the seed cane, and cover it with soil are widely used. Common name of Sugarcane is the name which changes with change in the regions. wild sugarcane. Other sugarcane products include molasses, rum, and cachaça (a Brazilian alcohol), and the plant itself can be used as thatch and as livestock fodder. Most of the world’s sugarcane is grown in subtropical and tropical areas. Hosts. Pondya, Pundia. The official classification of sugarcane is Saccharum officinarum, and it belongs to the family Gramineae. Sugarcane family is the family in which it has some properties in common with other plants in that family. 2. The almond (Prunus dulcis, syn. To attain good yields, sugarcane requires 2,000 to 2,300 mm (80 to 90 inches) of water during the growing period. Studies into the effect of sugarcane rust (Puccinia melanocephala) on yield. Sucrose from either source (or from two relatively minor sources, the sugar maple tree and the date palm) is the same molecule, yielding 3.94 calories per gram as do all carbohydrates. Glomerella tucumanensis; different strains are reported that vary in their ability to cause disease.The fungus is also known as Colletotrichum fulcatum; this produces spores without going through a sexual process.. Distribution. Dactylopius sacchari brasiliensis van Gorkum, 1913; Erium sacchari (Cockerell) Phenacoccus sacchari ; Pseudococcus sacchari Ckll. Weeding, still largely manual, is done with a hoe, though mechanical cane weeders with attached rakes have been developed. Asia, Africa, Oceania. The adult planthoppers have wings, allowing them to fly from diseased to healthy plants. Under favourable conditions, each bud germinates and produces a primary shoot. Widespread. Sugarcane also has some lower classifications including Saccharum arundinaceum, Saccharum edule, Saccharum spontaneum, and Saccharum barberi. Sugarcane Insect Pest. Saccharum L. – sugarcane. https://www.britannica.com/plant/sugarcane, Kew Science - Plants of the World Online - Sugarcane, Purdue University - Horticulture and Landscape Architecture - Sugar Cane. Imperata spontanea (L.) P. Beauv. Prunus amygdalus) is a species of tree native to Iran and surrounding countries but widely cultivated elsewhere. Sugarcane ranges from 7 to 18 percent sugar by weight, while sugar beets are from 8 to 22 percent sugar by weight. 1.Early Shoot Borer Scientific Name: Chilo infuscatellus. Process and products. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Top borer of sugarcane The scientific name of top borer of sugarcane is Scirpophaga novella (Fabricius) with family Pyralidae and belonging to order Lepideoptera. Arx & E. Müll. About 527 working sugar factories with total installed annual sugar production capacity of about 242 lakh tonnes are located in the country during 2010-11. Siphaincludes 12 species of grass feeders, at least four of which occur in North America north of Mexico. Sugarcane rust - collateral hosts and physiologic specialization. Saccharum palisotii Tausch; Saccharum propinquum Steud. The yield of ratoon crops decreases after each cycle, and at the end of the last economical cycle all stumps are plowed out and the field is replanted. The sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius), is native to the western hemisphere, but not to the United States. Adults are pale pink in color. The ratooning process is usually repeated three times so that three economical crops are taken from one original planting. Scientific Name: Saccharum ... Sugarcane mosaic potyvirus (also called mosaic of abaca) (SCMV) It causes systemic infection of the sugarcane plant: the whole plant, including roots, contains virus. Sugarcane Health Benefits. Indian Phytopathology, 18:191-203. Former Professor of Food Manufacture, Showa Women's University, Tokyo. Preferred Common Name. Sugar cane yields the highest number of calories per unit area of cultivation of any plant. What is the scientific name for sugarcane? ... Return to Sugarcane pests Return to Top Life Cycle and Biology. Saccharum derived from Sanskrit word sarkara which mean sugar in India from sugarcane in other languages different... Statutory or regulatory purposes unit area of cultivation of any plant during the growing period both manual mechanical! In furrows, can make up for the deficiency black spots sacchari ; Pseudococcus sacchari Ckll 90 inches of! 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